Page 18 - History of UB Church by A. Funkhouser Ver 1
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from which they ate were made of pewter, and the cups from which they drank were earthen mugs.
They used no table cloths. The father sat at one end of the table; the mother at the other. The
children stood, sometimes sat, along each side of the table and ate their meal in silence: there was
little talking at the table. Each one ate what was placed before him without murmuring. A blessing
was asked before every meal by the father or mother. As soon as the children were old enough to
understand the meaning, they were taught short prayers which they would pray in regular order,
each one his particular and distinct prayer, commencing with the oldest and ending with the
youngest. No carpets graced the floor but every Saturday it was scoured clean and white with sand
and water. The furniture was as simple as the fare. On each side of the hearth a square block was

made stationary for a seat. Benches and home-made chairs with seats plaited with split hickory

were used. Several beds and a few chests made up the principal part of the furniture. They lived in
this plain and simple way but they were comfortable, and what is better still, they were contented."

By what has been set forth in the above paragraphs it is possible to gain a close idea of social
and religious conditions in 1752 in the region now covered by the Virginia Conference of the United
Brethren Church. It was a very new country. It was the American West of 1752 in just as real a
sense as the line of the middle Missouri was the American West of 1860. In each instance there
was much recklessness among the frontiersmen, and there was a falling away from the standard of
active religious life in the homeland.

In closing this chapter our attention is called to the circumstance that, with the one exception
of the Quakers, all the religious pacifists in colonial America were Germans. Was not the growth of
these German sects profoundly aided by the social turmoil growing out of the religious wars of the
seventeenth century? And did not this very turmoil engender among those who suffered from it a
deep-seated antipathy to warfare? Perhaps the tenet of non-resistance, adopted by several of the
German sects, was primarily a protest against efforts to advance the cause of religion by the use of
military power. It was but a step further to object to political as well as religious wars.

Chapter IV 18 German Immigration in the 18th
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