Page 20 - History of Rockingham Co
P. 20
A HISTORY OF

the county of Rockingham. These successive steps are
shown in detail by the following copies of the respective Acts
of Assembly authorizing them:

An act (passed November 1738), for erecting two neiv Counties and

Parishes; and granting certain encouragements to the Inhabitants thereof.

I. Whereas, great numbers of people have settled themselves of
late, upon the rivers of Sherrando, Cohongoruton, and Opeckon, and the
branches thereof, on the north-west side of the Blue Ridge of mountains,
whereby the strength of this colony, and it's security upon the frontiers,
and his majesty's revenue of quit-rents, are like to be much increased
and augmented; For giving encouragement to such as shall think fit to

settle there,

II. Be it enacted, by the Lieutenant Governor, Council, Burgesses,
of this present General Assembly, and it is hereby enacted, by the
authority of the same. That all that territory and tract of land,
at present deemed to be part of the County of Orange, lying
on the north west side of the top of the said mountains, extend-
ing from thence northerly, westerly, and southerly, beyond the
said mountains, to the utmost limits of Virginia, be separated
from the rest of the said county, and erected into two distinct counties and
parishes; to be divided by a line to be run from the head spring of Hedg-

man river i to the head spring of the river Potowmack: And that all that

part of the said territory, lying to the northeast of the said line, beyond
the top of the said Blue Ridge, shall be one distinct county, and parish; to
be called by the name of the county of Frederick, and parish of Frederick

And that the rest of the said territory, lying on the other side of the said

line, beyond the top of the said Blue Ridge, shall be one other distinct
county, and parish; to be called by the name of the county of Augusta,
and parish of Augusta. 3

An Act (passed October 1777) for forming several netv counties, and

rejorming the boundaries of two others.

Whereas it is represented to this present session of assembly, by the
inhabitants of Augusta and Botetourt counties, that they labour under
many inconveniences by reason of the great extent of the said counties and
parishes: Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, That from and
after the first day of March next the said county and parish of Augusta
shall be divided by a line beginning at the north side of the North Moun-
tain, opposite to the upper end of Sweedland Hill, and running a direct
course so as to strike the mouth of Seneca creek, on the north fork of the

1- Hedgman River must be what is now called Conway River,

forming part of the line between the counties of Madison and Greene.

2. Hening's Statutes, Vol. 5, pp. 78, 79.

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